For your extra credit assignment, should you choose to do it, click on the link and read the NPR article entitled, "America's Love Affair With Nationalism." After reading the article, write a thoughtful post reacting to anything in the article that caught your attention and would like to comment on. It can be related to the article as a whole or particular parts. Think about the positive and negative aspects of nationalism that are brought out as we are living in very interesting times with regard to nationalism. Are these things unique to the United States? Why or why not? Try to be as thoughtful and insightful as possible. You may respond to other posts as well but remember to always be respectful! Posts are due no later than Tuesday 10/26 at 11:59 PM. Good Luck!
This article was extremely thought provoking to me, as its entire evaluation of Nationalism in the US is quite interesting. A singular part of this article really seemed to "pop" out at me during my reading. And this peculiar part of the article addressed how politicians use American nationalism to benefit their own interests. This usage of nationalism as a brutal weapon to shame anyone who does not agree contains both good and bad despite its negative connotation. As such; this weapon's negatives mainly surround what its exactly used for, which is to guilt and shame nationalist America into agreeing with their interests. For example, inside this article it is stated that Democratic Joe Biden, states that the rich population of America should pay more taxes, as it is "patriotic". Or furthermore, a statement from Conservative Sarah Palin was made up of how patriots of this nation should focus on removing Obama, who was the president at the time, and still to this day disliked by many conservatives. Clearly, these statements paint anyone who doesn't agree with these politicians as unpatriotic, which is a major insult in a country that is worldly known for its nationalist gusto. As surely the Rich man of the US is most likely just a patriotic as the man who likes President Barack Obama, making these statements just as useful as white ink on white paper. Rather than intelligently proving their opinions based on fact and only on fact, they decide to blatantly insult the American populace who doesn't agree with them as if they do not love their country as much as anyone else who lives there. With this glooming negative how can something positive be grown out of this? Well surprisingly it is, and is why politicians do it, which is to cause hatred for the other party or parties. By creating hatred for the other parties they strengthen the bond between them and their supporters. As in the US, to be unpatriotic is an unspeakable evil, and if a specific group does not want the interests proposed by another one, they simply do not love their nation enough, as clearly only one group can be correct.
This however is not just unique to the US, as this would be a grand generalization of how nationalism is used throughout history and in the world today. To greater or lesser extent, the US can join the ranks of the Third Reich, The USSR, 18th century France, and early to mid 1900's Japan in terms of how it deals with national interests. As an example, the Third Reich shamed and belittled the Jewish population as if they were not "German" enough and the source of all problems post World War 1 Germany. However, this is not to say the US can compare to the horrid acts of the Third Reich, but to rather show what using nationalism as a political tool can entail. Ironically, the US can also be compared to the USSR and their nationalist features. The USSR also painted anyone who disagreed with them as though they were not patriotic, which included morphing World War 2 and the Cold War into a battle between Capitalists and Communists. And of course, Capitalists were painted as wrong and evil, while Communists were painted as righteous and good doers. Meanwhile both wars were mainly due to both sides trying to protect their own interests, and the actual side that could be determined "good" was in a constant grey area.
As I have demonstrated, this thought provoking article named "Americas Love Affair With Nationalism" has a very interesting segment about how nationalism may be used as a political tool. Maybe, upon this realization, in the near future our leaders will put aside nationalist insults, and use hard steel facts as their favorite weapon of choice on the political battlefield.
Throughout “America’s Love Affair With Nationalism,” there were many negative and positive aspects towards nationalism but what caught my attention the most was the mention of nationalism as identical to patriotism. It is stated that, “For the sake of argument, the terms ‘nationalism’ and ‘patriotism’ are pretty much interchangeable, Ruthland says.” I think this is interesting because in more modern terms, nationalism is viewed as a negative term to be associated with while patriotism is viewed as positive. A nationalist is viewed as a person proud for their country no matter what is does while a patriotic person is viewed as someone proud of their country for what it does. The impact of the different meanings for the similar terms are shown evident, as shown where it states, “Both liberal and conservative politicians have been adapting their language … to try to appeal to the patriotic median voter.” Both nationalism and patriotism are similar when it comes to terms about taking pride in ones country, its history, its culture, and so on. However, nationalism can often be viewed as a thing to fear, “This fear can be mobilized for violence and scapegoating.” As others have stated before, fear-driven violence and scapegoating causes conflict not only inside the United States but with other countries as well. Despite this, nationalism also has its positive connotations, “… a sense of hope about the future and sense of selfhood …” People accomplish great things by banding together and working toward a common vision. With nationalism, people are able to create the common vision through their common values.
This article touches upon an extremely prevalent part of American and human society in the concept of nationalism and patriotism. A quote in this article that stood out to me was Rick Perry stating that "We don't need a president who apologizes for America". In my opinion, this is a very dangerous way of thinking. This country for a large portion of its history, did not honor any indigenous treaties, freed slaves later than most other Latin American countries, suppressed the rights of minorities until about 50 years ago, is still to date the only country to use an atomic bomb (which was arguably a war crime), and continue to this day to hypocritically torture people. While these things may be taught in high school, in elementary school, when a child's brain is being developed, they are constantly taught how this country is a perfectly run utopia that has done nothing wrong. We go to baseball games, and feel patriotic, as the national anthem plays and the military flies a plane over the stadium (which is a paid advertisement by the military). This country is run as one of the best countries in the world, but this era of post 9/11 patriotism can be dangerous, in that thinking everything is perfect about the flag, can prevent us from fixing important issues. The Colin Kaepernick protest was a perfect example. He tried to bring up issues that he felt needed to be addressed in this country that had to due with the handling of minorities. He however met very little feedback on these issues. Instead, he met a wave of criticism on the actual protest, which many automatically assumed to be anti-military, while his protest had nothing to due with the military. That's an example of blind nationalism, as we follow this country no matter what or its considered anti-military or anti-American, which could be very dangerous.
In America's Love Affair With Nationalism, the article talks about the positive and negative aspects of nationalism that are brought out as we are living in very interesting times with regard to nationalism. Some positive things that come out of nationalism are "A sense of hope about the future and sense of selfhood in the modern world." Also nationalism brings freedom to a country as well as education and economic growth. These things help contribute to bring a whole country together in sharing one love for their country. Some negative things that come out of nationalism are "Fears of other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals". Also, with fear come violence, scapegoating, and international conflicts.These things cause wars against other countries, murders, and so much more horrible devastating things. These things are not really unique to the United States. You could turn on the news and see that we're in a war, someone has been shot for the color of the skin, or are economy is growing rapidly. There are many people in our country that go out and fight to keep the United States safe from terrorists. That is showing pride for your country and that is what Nationalism is.
One of the things that caught my attention while reading "America's Love Affair With Nationalism" is that the spirit and intensity of patriotism/nationalism seems to grow after a crisis has occurred. I think this is interesting because while people are united and patriotic in times of national triumph, they are even more united after a great tragedy, or when facing a large issue. The article states that following the terrorist attacks of September 11th, nationalism swelled, and that countrywide concerns of the economy and immigration only intensify the notion of Nationalism. This is because people in a country have a common goal to achieve or a common cause to protect in times of great tragedy, so people act more united and patriotic, thus increasing nationalism in our country. Some of the positives of this increased nationalism are that we can achieve great feats through political and economic unity and accomplish large tasks that otherwise would be impossible. For example, the only reason more safety precautions and extra checks were installed at places like airports was because of the threat of terrorism following 9/11. However, at the same time this communal nationalism has negatives; it breeds hate towards certain groups of people that would otherwise not exist and it causes blaming and scapegoating for problems that are mostly our fault. For instance, fear and hatred of the religion of Islam and Muslims and immigration and economic problems tend to be blamed on the Mexican population and generalizations occur. This is how nationalism can lead to political and communal divisions between people and unnecessary feelings of contempt. These things are not unique to the United States because nationalism affects most people in the same way, regardless of the country they live in. For example, nationalism in certain countries in the middle east causes the people of that country to hate Americans because they are different and vice versa. Clearly, the aspects of nationalism affect all countries in positive and negative ways.
One specific portion of this article that grabbed my attention was the "A Sense of Selfhood" section. This appealed to me because of the statement that all 'isms' come with good and bad, which stood out. In a world with endlessly varying opinions, lifestyles, and beliefs, it is practically impossible for anything to appeal to everyone. As explained by Jared, the times of crisis in 2001 brought many groups together through nationalism but ultimately focused antagonistic stereotypes onto others. The article further explains how nationalism is constantly twisted and turned to be used to support political groups while having the opposite effect on other political groups. Both of these examples support the portion that caught my attention, as nationalism can be viewed as a good or bad thing depending on your perspective, as many things can be. Thus, I believe that while nationalism can be a very helpful thing for this country, the use of nationalism in more extreme aspects should be executed very carefully or avoided.
One concept from the article that i found was interesting was the political aim that politicians could use to persuade voters or resonate with the population. This works along side another point mentioned that, " nationalism can contribute to a sense of hope about the future...or it can contribute to violence, fear and international conflicts." Though it specifically talks about the 2008 election in the article, I think it is also relevant to our current election. The use of nationalism in the presidential election is in my opinion easy to identify but it's effect varies. Topics such as border security, terrorism, and keeping manufacturing in the United States are key points. If the candidates policies and opinions are separated into a category of either fear and violence or hope about the future and a sense of selfhood, nationalism's effect in this election can be separated by voters reactions. In that way you can see the similarities between our current situation and those of past elections. Also mentioned in the article was that the United States is one of the most patriotic countries and this can also relate to our government and voting preferences. Overall based on these points, nationalism may have a positive impact on our society and it can also encourage citizens to be more involved in our government due to their respect and pride of our country. So nationalism does have a place in our politics as it regularly effects our lives, however it should be monitored by powerful figures so our acts remain nonviolence and not discriminatory.
In my opinion, one of the most interesting aspects of this article was its opening, starting with imagery taken straight from one of my favorite games; Bioshock Infinite. Before I read on, I could already recall that exact scene from when I played the game, a powerful microcosm of the effects of nationalism that often construe our nation's visions during times of great distress. However, I find that Hilary Goldstein's claim that Bioshock Infinite being "overtly patriotic" is false, but rather a more satirical media art form thats makes players question how far from reality this surreal game really is. The game often challenges players by placing them in the position of the "foreigner" in an allegorical, futuristic U.S. where all political, racial, social, and cultural patterns that do not match the status quo are immediately rejected. This game has often made me wonder, "Is this how foreigners feel when they come to the U.S.?" Do they feel forced to try and establish themselves as "American" as quickly as possible, to avoid being persecuted for prioritizing their previously held beliefs? As I kept these questions in the back of my head, I read on to analyze how the September 11, 2001 attacks brought about a swell of nationalism in Americans throughout the following years. Humans are scientifically drawn to social groups and feel the need to fit in when danger is eminent, which is applicable to the outburst of nationalism following the 9/11 attacks. People who are looking for a group to fit into often start out searching for the smallest groups possible, perhaps people of similar hobbies or interests. Yet, when people don't fit into these groups, they expand to larger groups, including regional or religious groups. What the 9/11 attacks truly did, was create the "American Social Group" , where even the loneliest of people could say at the end of the day "at least I am an American, regardless of whatever hobbies, religion, or ethnicities would differentiate me from others normally." This patriotic group can be credited with many positives, such as coordination, unification, and individual aid towards the well-being of the nation, whether it be through charity, or serving in the armed forces. It makes people feel welcome into a faction which they never fully acknowledged in the first place. Nonetheless, this sense of selflessness felt by many of the American people was only supplemented with the addition of a common "enemy." One of the most discernible negatives of the rise of nationalism after 9/11 was the increase in Islamic discrimination among fear-ridden Americans. An unsettling and worrisome feeling I have against many media outlets are their abilities to find and antagonize every single quality of a "threat" to America, such as a terrorist's religion, or a school shooter's favorite video game. People driven by anxiety are prone to deeply evaluate what might have "caused" the disruption, and tend to stray from any factors that make them any more similar to the people that caused the problem. I believe that this habit is for self-comfort at the expense of others, severing possible ties between them and the people responsible, in order to secure their place and allegiance in society. This scapegoating of Muslims subsequent to the 9/11 attacks was completely baseless and cowardly. Imagine if the image of the entire Christian congregation was solely based on the actions of the KKK. Wouldn't you consider that unreasonable and unjustified? Like any religious group, righteous and unrighteous people can ascend from both ends of the cultural spectrum. Christians can range from Martin Luther King Jr. to Adolf Hitler. Muslims can exist between Malala Yousafzai to Osama Bin Laden. Atheists encompass people from Stephen Hawking to Joseph Stalin. My point is, that religion does not dictate one's ethics and it does not correlate to one's moral well-being. Osama Bin Laden's beliefs didn't make him a bad person, his actions did. The influence of nationalism however, blots out these facts and pins the blame on his Muslim faith, creating numerous unfavorable stereotypes towards Muslims in many public places in the U.S. In the end, nationalism is a positive for helping people strive for a common goal, but negative in forcing people to neglect others in achieving said "goal." As I continued reading, I found myself intrigued by the article's differentiation between the "proper" usage of "nationalist," "patriot," and "American." The article cites evidence from various political leaders encouraging viewers to be more "patriotic" by following their beliefs and rejecting the dogmas of their political counterparts. The stem, "patriot," even inspires an intrepid image of an 1700s Paul Revere-esque figure on a white stallion carrying an American flag. It is predictable that some people could fall for this simple word-trick and begin to believe in whatever political spiel these figureheads throw at them, so that they too can become
The article, America’s Love Affair With Nationalism was very informative and definitely caught my attention regarding certain topics. A major point that caught my attention was the author talking about the American response to the terrorist attacks that took place on September 11th 2001. Obviously, this traumatic event had a strong impact on the American people as well as our country as a whole. According to the article, after these attacks, the ideas and principles of nationalism flourished throughout America. I believe that the ideas of nationalism and patriotism in our country occur strongly after a traumatic event that effects the country (in this case, the 9/11 attacks). Throughout the years following these attacks, Americans became very prejudice towards specific groups of people. In my opinion, I believe that it is wrong to be prejudice towards a group of individuals because of a specific event. For example, how can one call all Muslims terrorists? I attribute much of the internal and external issues that we face today off of this concept. In America, we have a common goal and that is to overcome tragedy. This is why i believe that a strong sense of nationalism occurs after a traumatic event. If Americans were truly “a patriotic people”, why is there an ongoing issue of violence, racism, and prejudice amongst American’s? Many people have become so hateful and ignorant in this country and that’s not what nationalism entails. Sadly, there is hate and prejudice going on throughout the entire world. But what happened to “with liberty, and justice for all?" Unfortunately, this statement is no longer true in America and I believe that has to do with the strong ideas of Nationalism and Patriotism.
In the article "America's Love Affair With Nationalism", there were many things that stood out to me. For one was the many little forms of nationalism that are shown everyday. Such as the American Flag pins that politicians wear. Lloyd Kramer, author of 'Nationalism in Europe and America' states that nationalism could have positive and negative affects on countries. For example, nationalism can a increase a country's economy, promote freedom and education, but nationalism can split a nations government into two halves, stimulate war between countries, or create a fear of racial/ethical group. Another thing that caught my attention was how presidential candidates use nationalism to gain supporters. Mitt Romney said "Americans are a patriotic people... We put our hand over our heart during the playing of the national anthem, no other people on Earth does that." This stirs up a unique form of nationalism in Americans: Patriotism. Patriotism is a unique term that us Americans use to describe our nationalism. Patriotism is at its greatest after an attack on American people or property, such as, the 9/11 Terrorist attacks. American nationalism has another unique quality, that is how it can form thriving businesses, A great example of this Todd Lipscomb's business of Made In America. his company produces "everything form shovels to snowshoes." Since the products are made in America, consumers feel that they are helping to improve the economy, which increases nationalism.
"Americas Love Affair with Nationalism" expands upon some of the more common forms of nationalism as Jerry throughly explained above. However nationalism is defined as "a patriotic feeling, principle, or efforts" so I don't think we should limit ourselves to flag pins and American made products. I feel like nationalism has pretty fluid limitations and can mean whatever you want. I believe that anything done with respect and for the country can be considered nationalistic. For example, I consider a scientist discovering a new medicine, engineer developing a new machine etc. to be extremely nationalist. It may not originally come off a nationalistic action but this person is bettering the country and giving the people yet another reason to be proud to be an American. If nationalism can be explained as pride I do not think there are any negative connotations to it. Pride, even excessive is not bad. It shows we are happy, respectful, and thriving. Although us Americans have some traditions of nationalism (putting our hand over our heart) I dont think that other countries who don't follow these practices are any less nationalistic, as long as they are observing and respecting their own traditions.
The first part of this article that caught my attention was a picture of a man's tattoo that read, "100% American". I find this statement to be incorrect. Everyone in this country is fundamentally an immigrant. the only exceptions to this are Native Americans, as North America is their true place of origin. People born in America more likely than not have parents, grandparents, of further ancestors who's origin is not in the United States.
Next to this picture, read a quote, "Nationalism often encourages fears...of other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals". In 2016, this is our sad reality. Too many men and women still fear living alongside a black or hispanic person or having a gay/lesbian couple get married under the law. It was 2016 and there are still men that believe that they have authority over women and that a woman's only job is to take care of the household. It has been 51 years since African Americans gained their right to vote and 96 years since women did. Yet, there are still vast numbers of people that fear what they do not understand.
I feel as though there are many ways to interpret the tattoo that reads "100% American", but not in the way you did. Even though everyone in the country aside from Native Americans are technically of ancestors not from America, the man himself was most likely born and raised in America his whole life. If he was born and raised in the U.S, he should technically be considered 100% American, not 20% of this, 30% of that and so on. Why would we not call ourselves American if we have lived here our whole life? People from France are French, people from England are English, people from Russia are Russian, so why can we not call ourselves American? I understand the difficulty of calling ourselves American, as the U.S is a mix and blend of cultures, but why not take pride in our country by calling everyone of this nation Americans? This is what nationalism by definition is, taking pride in ones country! Continuing on with your analysis of "Nationalism often encourages fears...of other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals", I agree completely. There is no reason for someone to be afraid of walking out their door because they believe they might be discriminated against due to what their sexuality is or their religious or cultural beliefs. If the United States really is the "land of the free", then why do we have all these lists of people who cannot do or say what they believe in? We write in documents that these people are considered equal to us, but why don't we start acting like it? Nationalism does bring these problems about, but there's no reason why we cannot change this way of thinking, for the best of all Americans.
While reading the article "America's Love Affair with Nationalism" one concept in particular caught my attention. The author talks about how nationalism can either contribute to human progress and education or it can contribute to violence. I believe that nationalism can contribute to both positive and negative aspects of society. For example, the attacks on September 11th, 2001 led to a surge in nationalism. This surge in nationalism contributed the prejudice all followers of Islam face today. All Americans shared the feelings of hatred, anger, sorrow and fear on that day. These feelings united many Americans by finding a common scapegoat. This scapegoat is the religion of Islam. Although many Americans know that the majority of Muslims are good people, the stereotype created by people still exists in the minds of some Americans. The feelings of nationalism felt after these attacks did affect almost all people negatively, but it did have some helpful implications. These attacks brought the American people closer together, brought about more security and heightened awareness at public places such as airports. Although the attacks were devastating, it did bring the Americans closer together. Also, if the attacks didn't occur, airport security would be less intense, which would leave the potential for a more disastrous attack on the U.S.A. I'm not implying that the attacks were a good thing. However, I am saying that the attacks taught us that not all people in the world can be trusted and that as a united country, we can bounce back from anything the rest of the world throws at us.
The thing that really caught my attention while reading “America’s Love Affair With Nationalism” was a Lloyd Kramer quote that reads, “Nationalism can contribute to human progress and freedom and education and economic vitality, or it can contribute to violence, fear, and international conflicts.” This quote really made me think because how could two contradictory outcomes or thoughts be tied together in one term, being ‘nationalism’? Kramer also later states that nationalism can create a sense of hope, but is that 100% correct if it also encourages fear amongst almost everyone else that is not ‘white’, straight, or Christian? It seems to me that people can’t be nationalists unless they’re around people of a common belief or interest. Take for example our society towards certain religious groups such as the Jewish or Muslims. Yes, they may be Americans but they’re singled out with labels such as ‘terrorists’. Doesn’t that create a breaking point in what we would consider “all” Americans as nationalists? Yes, nationalism may be able to create this feeling of freedom and economic vitality, but it is key to keep in mind that these same American ‘nationalists’ are the people that are contributing to the excessive fear and violence that has erupted in different ethnic groups, religions, and sexualities within our country since we’ve been able to call ourselves a civilization. Later on, the article goes on to analyze whether or not nationalism and patriotism are the same thing. I agree with Peter Rutland when he explains they’re the same in their connotations but different in the way you look at each term. Furthermore, “nationalism” has a negative connotation meanwhile patriotism has a much more optimistic outlook. As Linton Weekes states, “…the United States may have its own brand of nationalism…”
The article was intriguing because everybody can relate to it. You don't need to be a politician or have a degree to understand it's message. The article gives examples of how nationalism is seen, such as singing at baseball games, but nationalism is see in different ways everyday. The pledge is said in the mornings in schools, the national anthem is said at big events, flags are raised all over. Not everyone fights in the military, but those are seemingly small things that show pride. We use the fourth of July as a day to barbeque, watch fireworks, and get a day off, but some change happens. All year, people criticize the U.S. Social media is used to make jokes about it. Independence day, however, is the day when everybody loves this country, no matter what they think. Everybody comes together to defend it's wrongs, and show it's greatness. Nationalism is very important to politics, this year in particular. the 2016 presidential election has been getting a lot of noise. Voters have their ideas of what they believe this country is, can be, and needs. They pick a candidate with a corresponding agenda. How a candidate shows nationalism affects how they portray their ideas. Supporters argue with each other about who will do the best for our country based on how they view it. To complete the argument, the article shows the negatives of nationalism as well. America is far from perfect, and many social problems can be traced to nationalism. The article points out that nationalism leads to fear. People fear that homosexuals will taint America's society, so they push against them, and make them feel inferior so they go back into hiding, making society "perfect." People fear the economic damage that illegal immigrants will do, so they blame all immigrants for the economic problems, and support closing the borders. What these people fail to understand is that some immigrants are legal, and they're not taking away jobs. The people who complain did not want to work as hard as the immigrant did for it, and that's not the immigrants fault. Following 9/11, people have been turning to Muslims as the source of the problem. While, yes, the terrorist groups were Muslim, not all Muslims are bad. People are so afraid or more attacks, they assume anybody who could be part of terrorism is. Finally, the article is engrossing because it's relatable to other countries. In the beginning, the article states that nationalism rose after 9/11. Recent attacks in France and Belgium no doubt had the same effects on the citizens as they banded together to mourn and protect their countries.
The article 'America's Love Affair With Nationalism' made some very intriguing statements. In the section titled 'A Sense of Selfhood,' I found the comments regarding fear of others who are unlike us to be most interesting. The passage states, "'nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people: fears of other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals.'" This statement I find, sadly, to be very true. Fear is seen everywhere today. Fear is what causes more fear, in my opinion. When someone sees and comes in contact with someone or something that is not uniform with the everything/everyone else, it produces fear. That being said, does nationalism then, although indirectly, produce fear? I believe it does, in so many ways. In no way am I saying that I believe that it is wrong to have pride in your country, or wrong to be proud to be an American. I am saying that I believe nationalism is misunderstood. When people say they are proud to be an American, they are usually referring to the part of themselves that is from the United States, that they inherited when they were born in this country. Like Celia mentioned, the man with the tattoo that reads '100% American' is false. Everyone in this country has some type of ethnic background that is NOT American. Myself, I have German and Norwegian ancestors. I have countless friends that are from countries like Colombia, Bangladesh, Ecuador; some of which were even born there. Yes, they are American. Yes, they are also Colombian, Bangladeshi, and Ecuadorian. However, they are not 100% anything, because everyone has ancestors that come from somewhere besides the country that person lives in. This being said, I feel that if people better understood this concept, there would be much less fear in the world. As I previously mentioned, fear comes from a lack of uniformity. If people better understood that everyone was somehow unique, but also alike in some way, they would have much less hate and fear to give. I believe that in other countries, nationalism is much less prominent, because they don't have political leaders and a media source
that encourage it. If you look at our society today, nationalism is everywhere in the media- it is constantly on TV and in the papers with the upcoming election, and before that, we constantly have holidays celebrating our country and its profound greatness. If you look at the amount of publicity somebody like Donald Trump is getting, you will understand why nationalism is everywhere in our country. People look to the news and to our 'leaders' constantly for direction and guidance. With Trump talking about how he is going to build a wall because we need to keep immigrants out of our country, he is spreading the negative side of nationalism: fear and hatred for those unlike ourselves. Going back to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, nationalism has created ruts in our society, because when one identifies too much with their country, they identify less with minorities and other foreigners. This also explains why there is so much hate of LGBTQ+ citizens, who are just like us, only they have a different sexuality. Everyone is different in one way or another, so why can't we look past these differences and come together to make our country even better? Love will always overpower hate.That being said, I believe that nationalism is an amazing thing. Our country is an amazing thing to be proud of, and even more rewarding to be part of a country as great as our own. Nationalism is what inspires people to take up arms and fight for what they believe in. It also inspires people to take part in, and sometimes even make sacrifices for something bigger than themselves, and I believe that is a feat more admirable than any other. Although nationalism is one of the reasons the United States has such a problem with hate, it is also the reason that we are the dominant and amazing country we are today.
This article interestingly points out the positive and negative connotations of the words patriotism and nationalism. According to the author, Mitt Romney said that Americans are patriotic because “we place our hand over our heart during the playing of the national anthem”. Patriotism is not just a demonstration of national pride; patriotism is the commitment and feeling of attachment to our country. An act of dissent can also be patriotic if it is done for the betterment of the people of a nation. Take the NFL player Colin Kaepernick as an example. During a preseason game, he sat down while the Nation Anthem was being played in protest of racism in America. Does this make him any less patriotic? Not at all. His action was a patriotic response to injustice in America. Patriotism is also means to advocate equality of all people, regardless of race or color.
I find this article very thought-provoking, as it makes clearly defined points on the advantages and disadvantages posed by nationalism. But as I read on, I found myself questioning this seemingly black and white notion of patriotism. I started to think, why are people so adamant on staying patriotic, or even trying to make people more patriotic? I've never really thought about nationalism deeply, but I can see from this article that there is something quite wrong with the thoughts of people. I'm not trying to offend anyone, or the country I live in, but I just feel that the negatives that come with the implications and actions of nationalism quite frequently contradict what the US is supposed to stand for. The founding fathers wanted the people of the independent colonies to unite and form a better society together, but that has evolved into something quite twisted in the modern day. It's not the first time this has happened. Take communism for example. By pure definition, communism is a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. It doesn't sound like a bad theory, right? But with all the things that went wrong with trying to apply this possible beneficial system, communism now has a bad connotation. This also goes for nationalism. These concepts, in thought, should be purely beneficial to society, but in reality, there is no way society could be like that. Human nature just doesn't allow for that. I could go into the details about human nature, but that's for another argument. In short, I feel that the concept of nationalism has gone awry in society in the modern day, and that is mostly due to the way that people act in the name of being a patriot. Some claim their actions are for the best interest of the nation. But are ideas like deporting immigrants and the irrational fear of certain religious groups really nationalistic? Not everyone thinks like that, of course, but thoughts like these are exactly my point. Theories and concepts tend to go bad at some point, and it screws up and divides the mindset of the people who try to justify their actions in name of said theory/concept. I could go on and on about my point, as it is something that deserves time and attention, but it would be quite long-- use this little bit as food for your thought about nationalism today.
I agree with your comment, mainly because nationalism in its purity is beneficial to society. The original purpose of nationalism is to bring the people of a nation together to better their country. The United States is a fairly young country and is often viewed as a great country. It is, in the sense that America certainly does not lack ethnic diversity unlike in other countries where most people are of similar descent. The issues that our country is dealing with today doesn't necessarily mean that we're all that great. The candidates of the election for this year have spoken of making our future better, especially for the next generation. But who really has the power to create a better nation? This is where nationalism comes into play. People use nationalistic views to gain support for their cause. In this nation of immigrants, it can be difficult about which country to essentially "root for." Nationalism has been used to almost scare people into supporting their country. In this country, we have the privilege to protest against something that we as a people believe is unjust. For example, Colin Kaepernick, a football player has been lashed out against for not standing for the national anthem. What people see is a man who doesn't love or respects his country or for what it stands for: freedom. In reality, he refused to stand because he wants to speak out against the wrongdoing towards the African-American populace and minority groups in America. To sum, some people who claim to be "nationalist" or "patriotic" bring up ideas that they believe will make their nation better; but in reality they only wish to benefit themselves and their own followers. Over time, being a nationalist has as you said, "gone awry in society in the modern day..."
As I read the article, one concept stood out to me. The article very clearly showed that there was a difference between Nationalism and Patriotism in the United States. They use a quote from Peter Rutland " In the U.S., the word "nationalism" often has negative connotations. "So we talk instead about patriotism." This portrays that Nationalism is not portraying the American Society as well as Patriotism. Nowadays, Patriotism is relatively balanced; not increasing nor decreasing, but the election for the President of the United States starts to brew up Nationalism, due to increased support towards one candidate. Another instance of Nationalism is, as stated in the reading, “scapegoating” on other groups of populations that lead to conflict, such as what is happening in Syria at the moment, where Radical Islamic Extremists are oppressing innocent muslim populations but the Americans fear most Muslims as threats. A final example is that of Edward Snowden, who released the NSA’s files on tracking citizens, which outraged many Americans and overall decreased the Nationalism and Patriotism of the United States.
In the article "America's Love Affair with Nationalism", many important points of nationalism are made, including the advantages and disadvantages of nationalistic ideas. The author points out that nationalism brings people together to support the actions of their nation, which causes the spread of hope and the sense of selfhood. However, these different groups of people grouped together by nationalism are unfortunately sometimes fearful of other groups because their customs and beliefs are different. For instance, Americans feel like they represent a larger community in which they are a part of, which is a major positive feature of nationalism in America. However, many Americans are fearful and scared of people that are associated with different nations and groups, like the Islamic world. After September 11th, Americans, having little knowledge about the Islamic faith or its followers, began to unjustly discriminate Muslims in American society. These negative effects of nationalism, including discrimination and racism, were briefly touched by the author of the article. A final point I found interesting in the article was the quote by Peter Rutland, “… the terms ‘nationalism’ and ‘patriotism’ are pretty much interchangeable.” I disagree with this statement because nationalism and patriotism are completely different terms that are often mixed up. While a patriot is proud of what a country does, a nationalist is proud of its country no matter what it does. With this word context, Americans would be considered patriots instead of nationalists because they support their nation for only the actions that they themselves believe in.
In the article, "America's Love Affair With Nationalism," the concept that caught my attention was the fact that nationalism means two totally different things. On the one hand, "nationalism can contribute to a sense of hope about the future...and a sense of selfhood in the modern world." In other words, nationalism draws people of a community together with their common interests and values, tying them to one another. Yet, at the same time, "nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people..." These fears are usually directed towards people of different religion, ethnic background or sexuality.
I tried to connect the contrasting features of nationalism and decided that they both derive from the singular definition of "nationalism" because they are directly connected.
I concluded that nationalism works in a sort of circle. The positive aspects of a society that bring people together, separate them from other communities of people with differing beliefs and views. This positive foundation leads to the discrimination of those outside the nationalistic community, thus causing conflict between different groups. The community uses this negative attitude towards others to build on their nationalism even more. Thus the circle: the positive aspects of nationalism lead to the negative aspects which then strengthen the positive aspects of nationalism, especially that of unity.
At the end of the article, Lipscomb states that "'this is not a red state or blue state issue, but truly a red, white and blue one.'" This statement defines America's situation, an example being the terrorist attack on 9/11. Although America is split up into many different states, when something big and very important occurs, the country bands together and accepts the situation as their own, even as it may not be their own literally. This would be one of the many positive attributes to nationalism. However those 9/11 attacks have also caused many negative things, such as the unjust discrimination on Islamic people, as others have already pointed out. I have heard many of these stereotypes myself and many people fully believe that because a few men had caused terror upon our country and they were Islamic extremists, all of Islam as a whole should be persecuted, which is obviously incorrect as the actions of a few men of one religion do not determine the actions of everyone else following that religion. Also, the said Islamic extremists only did what they did because they believed they did the best they could for their nation, which is a big problem of nationalism, people assume and do extreme and absurd things because they succumb to nationalism. This was just one of the many things covered in the article.
Throughout the article, "America's Love Affair With Nationalism" several examples of nationalism that demonstrate concise and articulate advantages along with disadvantages are present. Nationalism produces a sense of community in times of struggle, or in a number of cases nationalism can develop new issues which can be extremely harmful to society and can be the cause of major division amongst diverse groups of people. "...'nationalism can contribute to human progress and freedom and education and economic vitality, or it can contribute to violence, fear, and international conflicts.'" A specific event that comes to mind after viewing this specific quote is the 9/11 terrorist attacks, in which nationalism created both positive and negative outcomes in society that affected countless individuals. During the 9/11 terrorist attacks a numerous amount of people were struggling and grieving, nationalism was able to accomplish a sense of community and togetherness by displaying pride along with a feeling of hope for the future in our country. However, nationalism also created new problems for the Islamic population in America by generating stereotypes, aiding in a greater amount of social division, and developing a sense of unnecessary fear. Therefore, nationalism can be extremely positive with the feeling of unity and community that is brought by it. However, nationalism can serve as a catalyst for scapegoating along with social division as well.
The article "America's Love Affair With Nationalism" is a very thought provoking article that shows that nationalism in the United States and in other countries is quite interesting. Although nationalism can be seen as a positive aspect of a country, there is also a negative aspect as well. For example, "nationalism can contribute to human progress and freedom and education and economic vitality, or it can contribute to violence, fear and international conflicts." However, these negative aspects such as violence, fear, and international conflicts are not just limited to the United States and cause devastation in other countries as well. Often Nationalism also has the potential to cause certain people to blame or shame another group of people, which causes political and communal divisions among nations. For example, many people from around the world blame Muslims for exhibiting terrorist attacks which causes people to be fearful of immigration and the economy. Again, this is not unique to just the United States. Although nationalism can cause divisions within a nation, it also inspires a feeling of hope and loyalty throughout nations. After the terrible attacks that took place on September 11th, 2001, an overwhelming sense of nationalism came about and the country came together to help prevent further attacks. Even though i do not agree with nationalism's negative aspects, such as violence, i believe nationalism within a nation is important because it encourages people to show pride and loyalty in their nation and it also motivates people to take part in government.
A couple things caught my attention during the read through this article. America was once the dream everyone sought to possess in their life. They knew it was all about unification on ones ideas, strengths, values, customs, and beliefs. No one would be judged or mistreated. We would form a nation, and we would be proud to abide in it. However, when reading this article, I couldn't help but notice when it was said that nationalism now "encourages fear of all kinds of other people: fears of other religions or races or culture or ethnic groups or homosexuals. This fear can be mobilized for violence and scapegoating. It can lead to people feeling aggrieved and constantly at risk." No one residing in the United States of America should ever feel that way. Why, in our country, do people live everyday in fear, fear of believing what they want, living how they want, and speaking what they want? As a nation, we should not allow anyone to feel any less valued than the person they are next to. It is also sad how there has been a swell of nationalism from many Americans since the attacks of 9/11. Should it be explicit to show love for ones country when it is being threatened? We should love and show that love to our country always. Lastly, nationalism has a negative connotation to it, leading people to use the term patriotism to describe them instead. On the contrary, there are some positive aspects of nationalism that have balanced out the negative. For example, "nationalism can contribute to human progress and freedom and education and economic vitality..." To mitigate the circumstance about individuals in our country, nationalism has never failed to give us hope about pursuing the American dream. Even though it was mentioned by the author that nationalism is now referred to as patriotism, the meanings for both are considered to be interchangeable. It was relieving to me to read that "Americans are patriotic people", still continuing to put our hands over our heart during the national anthem. Gladly, there is still hope in our country from certain people, believing that there is still purpose and promise. After interpreting all that, I've come to the realization that there will always be good and bad to go along with it. What ever did happen to "liberty and justice for all?" Nothing ever stays innocent or pure, and there will always be problems. However, the fight we endure is "not a red state or blue state issue, but truly a red, white, and blue one."
The article “America’s Love Affair With Nationalism” provided an interesting perspective on both the positive and negative aspects of American nationalism. One aspect in particular that caught my attention was the sentence: “‘Nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people: fears of other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals. This fear can be mobilized for violence and scapegoating. It can lead people to feel aggrieved and constantly at risk.’” This statement is very powerful, and I believe it truly represents American society today. Now, more than ever, we are exposed to violent nationalism at the hands of presidential candidates like Donald Trump. Trump’s campaign slogan, “Make America Great Again”, encapsulates the idea of nationalism that at first seems positive, but upon closer inspection reveals sinister undertones. Ever since Donald Trump announced his candidacy, I have witnessed the violent hate that spews from his speeches and his supporters; I have witnessed his threats against minority groups, including Mexicans, Muslims, and countless others. All of this hate towards minorities can be traced back to a severe case of nationalism in America, as he and his supporters believe that America will only truly be “great again” if certain types of people are not involved. Frankly, this is not the type of nationalism that I believe would make America great again. Despite these negative connotations that come with nationalism, however, I believe that some aspects of it are what truly make this country a great one. Without a sense of pride for our country, we would not have people willing to fight for us overseas, and we would not have united as we did after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. At the end of the day, despite sex, race, religion, sexual orientation, etcetera, we all live in a beautiful country that provides us many rights and abilities that other countries do not. It is up to the individual whether they choose to be hateful or not.
While reading "America's Love Affair With Nationalism", it became clear to me that the results of the 2016 election will shape the nationalist views in our country. Half of the population will perhaps, no longer take pride in being a citizen of the United States, and will spend the next four years saying "That's why I didn't vote for him/her". The lack of nationalistic views in our country in present day is appalling. People are refusing to stand for our national anthem, which is meant to honor the brave men and women fighting for our freedom. Teachers are sending home permission slips for parents to opt their child out of participating in our nations pledge. If you lack the ability to stand or place your hand on your heart for the country that provides the American people with the freedoms we take for granted, you are not a nationalist nor a patriot. As I was reading I came across a quote from Sarah Palin saying "We patriots should not focus on petty political squabbles and media game sound bites. The Tea Party has got to be focused on the broader, much more important goals of this movement — replace Obama." Now sure, this article was written years ago while Obama failed to suppress the racial divide that is currently haunting our nation. Or possibly Palin was referring to Obama's failed task at stimulating our economy, or his failure to reform immigration. While you speak so strongly against Trump, you respectively fail to point out the context in which those comments were made. Mr. Trump was pointing out that many of the illegal, Mexican immigrants that pour over our “border” daily, cause unwanted crime in our nation. You also fail to point out that many policies of Donald Trump revolve around bringing Nationalism and the pride in our country back to the United States. I also respectively see that you failed to point out the flaws with Mrs. Clinton. We have learned of her disdain for Catholics, Latinos, and many other ethnic groups. She also openly stated that half of Mr. Trumps supporters could be put in a "basket of deplorables". Now, I don’t see how Mrs. Clinton could possibly rally our nation if she has such disdain for such a vast majority. Nationalism is based on the pride, love, and loyalty of one’s country, which, from observing today’s society, I believe we lack as a nation.
The article ''America's Love Affair with Nationalism'' written by Linton Weeks, many interesting topics are spoken about. The primary topic Nationalism, has two sides to it. One side to it are the positive effects of it, and the other is the negative effects. Good text evidence from the article to support this is ''nationalism can contribute to human progress and freedom and education and economic vitality, or it can contribute to violence, fear and international conflicts."For example, after the 9/11 attacks, we came together as a nation and became stronger through each other. Also, nationalism helps to make people feel that they belong to a certain group or to society, which also makes them feel loyal to that group. People also feel more motivated to contribute and care more for the future of their nation. However, nationalism also produces negative feelings too. In the article he states ''nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people: fears of other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals. This fear can be mobilized for violence and scapegoating. It can lead people to feel aggrieved and constantly at risk." As beneficial as nationalism is to the success of our nation, it also produces prejudices and racism among the people. A good example of this is when an act of terrorism occurs, people become more concerned about the Muslim people and causes harmful stereotypes. Since the term nationalism has negative connotations, we use patriotism instead since it seems more positive. However, nationalism is not a sensation only felt in America. In Europe and many other nations it is felt within the people, but also causes the same issues we experience here.
One of the many things I found interesting in this article was when the author says "Nationalism...is often in full flower on national holidays, during major sports events and at public memorials for deceased military troops. and nationalistic symbols, rituals, and rhetoric are especially ramped up as the country moves toward a presidential election." Earlier, the author asked if nationalism is a positive or negative trait for a country. I think that some of these people who participate in these presidential elections, attend public memorials, or 'honor' our country during major sports events may have little to no purpose to what they're doing. Or they possibly do it out of force or routine. From my viewpoint, I think that not everyone holds meaning to their 'pride' or that they show false support in order to hide their hate. And for people who show their true pride or protest on full fledge, that could be a factor in provoking attacks by showing off the union of our country or showing that it's okay to protest. Personally, I believe that people who do put out flags on their cars, paint their faces on the 4th of July, or put their hand on their chests during the national anthem, don't have to be nationalistic patriots and people who do none of this or nothing at all, could still be considered a patriotic nationalist. Therefore, I believe that despite how nationalism is portrayed and no matter how deeply one feels about it, it is what ties us together. and despite the violence or fear it creates, the hope and loyalty it brings outweighs the bad. In my opinion, nationalism within any nation is extremely important because the stronger the nation, the more we can fight the negative outcomes of anything we're faced with.
In the article, "America's Love Affair With Nationalism," the section titled "A Sense of Selfhood" is most reflective of today's issues with nationalism. As author Lloyd Kramer points out in detail, there are both good and bad characteristics to nationalism. In very recent times, this fact has been especially evident. Observe one example: Colin Kaepernick and other professional football players kneeling during the national anthem. This example, among others, have raised many serious questions about the state of nationalism in our country, or as we Americans preferably call it, Patriotism. What this all comes down to, in my opinion, is whether these issues that involve nationalism are meaningful or not. There have been uproars over football players kneeling for the anthem, but perhaps that's a good thing, because it makes us take a look at the state of our country. Now, I still stand for and respect the national anthem and pledge of allegiance, but I still recognize the problems and situations within our country. I stand that things need to be done about the problems, and we can not just brush them off, so I also understand and accept other peoples' personal decisions. Other people in our country may not be as accepting. Debate and discussion is good, especially during such a crazy election year, but there is a fine line between discussion and what Kramer would say are the bad characteristics of nationalism.
Before I discuss the article “America’s Love Affair With Nationalism”, I’d like to summarize the foundation of nationalism itself. As revolutions and uprisings start to emerge, nationalism was their driving force throughout. In order to rise against a strong force, people needed to rally together, and get their adrenaline going to fight for what they believe in (in most cases it was independence). Nationalism resulted, in order to get a group of people motivated to rebel, by advocating that the people are a part of a distinctive group and must rally together to relish their uniqueness, and revolt against those who suppress their pride. After this period of revolution; the different nations enjoyed these ideologies of nationalism because it promised glory, and prosperity to those who worked in the interests of their national community. Knowing that the average human can’t resist the promise of pride, and glory; people blindly accepted the terms of the national community. Nationalism is also very important because communities try to emphasize their distinctions from their opposing nation; which is what it helps to do. Nationalism started off as merely a driving force; but now makes up the core value for almost all countries around the globe, and for unfortunate reasons, its characteristics have changed dramatically as time progresses. The section titled “A Sense of Selfhood” in the article helps to explain how the feeling of nationalism has evolved, without its purpose ever changing. In this section, they often quoted Lloyd Kramer in saying that nationalism has both good, and bad characteristics. ‘“When people feel committed to larger communities or interests or to ideas of human rights and political progress, for example, nationalism can contribute to a sense of hope about the future. It can build positive personal and collective identities and a sense of selfhood in the modern world “’ I absolutely agree with this conclusion that Kamer made. People are constantly looking for their place in society. The average person naturally feels uncomfortable if they can’t define a place to where they truly belong. Nationalism puts individuals in a safe community, where they know they have the full potential to prosper. Although, people may often get too comfortable with where they belong, and in the end become completely brainwashed and decide that any other nation besides their own is inferior, corrupt... basically any synonym for bad. Kamer emphasized my point by saying that ‘"nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people: fears of other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals. This fear can be mobilized for violence and scapegoating. It can lead people to feel aggrieved and constantly at risk."’ Another interesting point the article touches upon is if nationalism should be used as a political tool. I believe nationalism should be used as a political tool to a certain extent. Nationalism should be used to encourage reform, and offer positive change. For example, Obama uses “a heavy emphasis on the common national narrative — the sacrifices of Gettysburg, the legacy of past generations, etc. — classic nationalist/patriotic imagery" when giving a speech in his inaugural address, and many others. Although many other factors played into it, Obama proved that the nod towards nationalism is effective in winning over the majority of the American vote because it encouraged a victory to positive change in the present day the same way the American revolutionaries in the 18th century also intended. Obama’s speeches reflecting nationalism also reflect the founded reason nationalism first originated; to act as a driving force for those who were willing to fight for freedom. Although, this political nationalism should only go so far. I believe that once nationalism starts to influence the law of a nation, it has gone too far into politics. For example, “Joe Biden said ‘wealthy Americans should pay more taxes because it's time to be patriotic.’” He doesn’t have the right to enforce this on wealthy people because certain wealthy individuals may not necessarily be patriotic. Nationalism is the language that the government can use to speak with the public, but the government doesn’t have the right to enforce nationalism on their land, ESPECIALLY if it’s a place like America, where there’s an innumerable amount of distinctive cultures living in the boundaries, who obviously shouldn’t be subjected to nationalism. Therefore, nationalism is a very conflicting topic that has its own positive and negative sides, which should be taken under great consideration.
Overall, this article was very stimulating, it made me see America in a different light. Nationalism, as clearly seen in the text, can share both positive and negative effects. Of course, pride in ones country is never a bad thing. Nationalism typically is shared between people within the same geographic proximity, where they typically have similar values, customs, language, and history, creating a common unity that brings all sorts of people together. Nationalism somehow finds a way to bond millions of people, all with something as simple as the nation we live in. However, too much of anything is never a good thing. Nationalism, sadly is sometimes not always used as such a positive thing. Again, seen in the reading, where it states "nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people: fears of other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals..." shows the negative outcomes of nationalism and the fact is that this is a very disappointing reality. Nationalism often is associated with things like xenophobia and homophobia which like Celia said, is quite ironic considering this country is fundamentally made up of immigrants, no one (except Native Americans) are truly from America. Continuing onto what Lauren and others said as well, politicians use this negative form of nationalism as fuel for their campaign, rallying together the worst part of America, where there's people who avidly advocate against basic rights for humans, going against the idea of America being the "land of the free." Donald Trump's entire campaign is built on a platform of hate, ranging from racism, to sexism, to homophobia, preying on these people who take nationalism, something that's supposed to be great, and twist it into a way to discriminate others, wishing to strip them of their basic rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. "Making America Great Again," also mentioned by Danielle, is this hateful propaganda used to express Donald Trump's twisted form of nationalism and has been inspiring people all around America to vote to go backwards in history and the fact that this man, who has no regard for what he says, was even able to make it this far really says a lot about the kind of country we actually live in.
Also, this article reminded me of a controversy in America, that was previously mentioned by Rohan and Eram. I very much agree with what they're saying, that these acts of peaceful protest, done by Colin Kaepernick and various others, are one of the most important ways of expressing your patriotism. The controversy surrounding this is the idea that their protesting of the pledge was a form of disrespect but I believe it's quite the opposite. These people, especially with the huge platform they have, help bring attention to the injustices done in America. I believe it was an honorable form of nationalism, seeing as it's intent was to reform this country and protest in hopes of making it better and getting justice. It is within everyone's rights to express their opinions and fight for what they believe in, especially when it involves people losing their lives for something as trivial as skin color. The only way to "Make America Great Again" is to stop trying to determine other peoples lives for them and accept America as it is, a plethora of culture and diversity, a country we should be proud of. We are all equal, all humans, and no one should ever lose their birth-given rights, regardless of what this joke of a political candidate has said.
Although the majority of Americans are immigrants of foreign ancestry, most residents pride themselves on being a part of this marvelous country, which is addressed in ''America's Love Affair with Nationalism''. The article makes great points about how nationalism is a great value. It promotes pride and fervor for the United States which in turn, helps us prosper as a nation. This sounds great right? A nation of people passionately supporting the endeavors of that nation as a whole, working as a unified force. Nationalism brings hope and a sense of purpose that helps motivate the people of a nation which is a great thing and should very well continue. Through all the positives of nationalism however, there are grave problems that arise. This tremendous pride and passion for ones country leads to believing in the superiority of their nation over other ethnicity groups. As one may predict, this leads to the discrimination and mistreatment of anyone who is not the 'perfect' symbol for the nation that someone is so proud of. For example, the nationalists in the Unites States support this great country and would be ready to anything to support the nation. However, those same people can be seen denying the rights of immigrants to become residents in this country, or being prejudice towards someone who is not of the 'standard' Americana family. This is not something to be wanted. While people should support our nation, it should not be detrimental or even violent towards minority groups. This is supported in the article, especially with the quote, "nationalism can contribute to human progress and freedom and education and economic vitality, or it can contribute to violence, fear and international conflicts" which I find to be very true. And although nationalism tends to fuel hatred and violence, it is important to be proud of this country.
Nationalism is a concept that has been apparent for centuries, ultimately bringing groups of people together through commonalities in customs, traditions, experiences, and even occasionally, belief systems. There is no doubt that nationalistic attitudes were and will continue to be crucial to the development and improvement of nations. A major positive of nationalism is in the fact that it gives members of a nation a sense of identity and purpose while among those striving toward a similar goal as themselves. In the specific case for America, nationalism is extremely crucial to the prosperity of the country. This is simply because America lacks a common heritage/ethnicity among its inhabitants. Multiple multi ethnic empires have fallen in the past for this exact reason, a lack of cultural unity. Cultural differences aren't a bad thing, however. The United State's diverse nature is what differentiates our country from most others. The joining together of multiple customs and ethnicities could have a very positive effect on the nation as new ideas and traditions are spread, ultimately making the nation stronger through the differences of the people living in it. However, having such a diverse nation will sometimes have a negative effect on its inhabitants.This negative nature of nationalism comes in the form of Xenophobia, the fear of foreigners. Understanding that this response isn't supposed to delve deep into modern day politics, I will briefly sum up some xenophobic issues that unfortunately exist in modern society. The terror situation in America is a touchy topic that has stirred up a plethora of varying opinions. Terrorism is an unambiguous threat to our country and has drastically changed the way people proceed with their nationalistic beliefs. For example, islamophobia has been a growing issue in our country since 9/11, and even before then. Those who took part in those terrible acts will forever be condemned for them in America. However, innocent Muslims living in America, for the same reason you are, for the promise of freedom and liberty, are suffering for these terrorist's actions. They are suffering through labels placed on them by select Americans who are, for some reason, unable to differentiate between a terrorist and an innocent Muslim American citizen. Another example of Xenophobia in todays society is the continued usage of the Confederate flag among some people, ultimately validating the treacherous enslavement of Africans that America participated in for some time. These two examples are ways that people participate in racist and religiously intolerant ideologies in name of being nationalistic. This country was built on the idea that all people should be given freedom to practice their beliefs, express their opinions, and live a happy, content life. It is unacceptable that a people of a country built on structures such as these could still participate in these discriminatory acts. It is discrimination such as this that diminishes a communities sense of nationalism instead of building it up. In all, nationalism should be a term used to describe the acceptance and harmonious living among all members of a society. One cannot consider themselves truly nationalistic in the United States until they are able to accept those who differ from them, which will undoubtedly create a more unified society under the premise of liberty and equality.
In the article "America's Love Affair With Nationalism", both positive and negative aspects of Nationalism stood out to me. One significant feature that was spoken about in this article was the fact that nationalism can lead to a positive outlook on the future of one's country. With the huge surge of patriotism that results from nationalism, it can be understood that this would cause an increased amount of confidence and potential that a citizen would have in their country. This is shown throughout the U.S in many ways. For example, the Pledge of Allegiance and the U.S flag are two emblematic stamps of the U.S and create much of the nationalism that goes on today. These hallmarks of the U.S establish the common belief among citizens that we are the greatest nation in the world. Another positive aspect of Nationalism is its huge affect on military in almost every country it takes place in. This connection to military dates back to the very founding of nationalism. The use of nationalism sprouted from the building up of a strong military that gave people a cause to rally behind. This is supported by the unification of Germany which was only accomplished with a strong army that was created through nationalism.
While this article brought up multiple positive aspects of nationalism, negative features were also discussed. A negative feature that stood out to me was the use of nationalistic rhetoric in politics to support one's cause and put down another political opponent. An example of this is Sarah Palin's use of the word patriots in her comment, "We patriots should not focus on petty political squabbles and media game sound bites. The Tea Party has got to be focused on the broader, much more important goals of this movement — replace Obama." In this quote, Palin pins Obama as an enemy of patriotic America by stating that his replacement is America's goal. Lastly, a final example of the negative aspects of Nationalism is its sometimes dividing affects. For example, following the 9/11 attacks a huge sense of nationalism swept the nation which established a attitude toward all Muslims. Although this event brought the nation together, the connection between America and Islam was weakened. Muslims were tagged as terrorists and unfairly treated while only a very small percent of the muslim population was responsible for these events.Overall, nationalism is a powerful tool that can be used in both positive and negative ways.
Many factors of the article, "America's Love Affair with Nationalism" caught my attention. Traditionally, there is no crime for being nationalistic. It is often viewed as showing active support for the country that has given you a home and occupation for countless years. However, there are still negative sides to nationalism. To begin, nationalism is defined as "patriotic feelings, principles, and efforts." Nations display many different styles of nationalism through flags, national anthems, and works of literature; etc. These acts exemplify pride and loyalty towards one's mother country. However ,as it was noted in the article, there comes a point in which it gets too far. In reference to the mention of 9/11, it clear that the unfortunate event caused a rapid surge in nationalism in the United States. This newly found nationalism, on the other hand, also caused the eruption of Islamophobia. Naturally, in any given situation, people search for a party to blame. For example, the widespread execution of the Jewish peoples during the Holocaust, and the movement of Japanese Americans to internment camps during WW2. As nationalism grows, people become less and less tolerant towards foreign people. Slowly considering mixtures of people, somewhat impure. In the image of the tattoo, 100% American is something that stands out to me. In my opinion,100% American is not an accurate statement. From the start of America to it's situation today, people have migrated and then assimilated into the American culture. The American culture itself was created by a mix of people from different parts of the world. Clearly, nationalism has negative aspects that are continuing to affect cultural groups to this day.
In the article, “America’s Love Affair with Nationalism” the author makes many valid points on nationalism and patriotism. Many points stood out to me however a majority of the points made in the section “A Sense of Selfhood” particularly affected me. Many people have already touched on the beliefs on the instillation of fear as a result of nationalism as well as, the “100% American” tattoo. I both agree and disagree with many of the points made. As Celia states, It is truly unfortunate that although we are in the year 2016 it is evident that many people's minds are stuck in the 1950’s where segregation was still installed, and even further the 1920’s where women just gained their right to vote and finally were legally viewed as equal to men. But, somehow even though those events were decades ago many people still have racist beliefs, degrade women and look down on religions. Why am I making this point? Well it all leads back to nationalism. Somehow the love and devotion for our country that has developed is being misinterpreted into the idea that anyone who is a different color, has different religious beliefs, sexual orientation or gender could somehow place a crack in our patriotic beliefs. Additionally, I don't completely agree with the “100% American” tattoo. Even though we all are Americans, we all are in a sense immigrants. At some point in our family lineage someone came over to America and started a new life (with the one small exception of Native Americans) and even our founding fathers technically weren't “100% American”. But in a sense I do see where Vincent is coming from. We all are American. Majority of people were either born or grew up in America therefore, making us all American. I also wanted to make the point that even though America can be “split up” by religion, ethnicity group or cultural beliefs, America is split within itself in the local/state system. Many people who live in the Southern states would consider themselves “southerners” compared to someone from the Northeast or Southwest. Each individual region has a completely different lifestyle but we all are still part of this one country. Each region has different slang, different foods as well as many everyday tasks that are different. For example, New York style pizza is completely different from Chicago style pizza, in addition to many other minor things that us New Yorkers may not even think is a New York custom. It is often difficult for people to grasp how in New York we could have completely different lifestyle from someone in California or Texas while still living within America and calling ourselves American. It is one of the many unique things that do not occur in other world countries and is something I appreciate about being called an American. As a result, there are many views on nationalism that can contribute to lifestyle today.
I have never realized how much pride and nationalistic beliefs are found in the United States of America until I read this interesting political article "America's Love Affair With Nationalism." I don't know about how you feel, but when I hear the words "America" and "Nationalism" in the same sentence, I start to get goosebumps, and start smiling. To start off, the first part of the article that caught my attention was the picture of a man's tattoo saying "100% American." To be completely honest, I do not get why people have such a big problem with that picture. I understand it is not accurately true since the only true Americans are the Native American but still... what is wrong with feeling some sort of pride and value in our country? Moreover, why can't we say that we are "American," while we can call other people in other countries "French" or "German." Aren't some of those people also immigrants just like us? I feel I am also 100% American, and my ancestry traces back to Europe. It's the sense of Nationalistic belief created in our country that makes us have this feeling that might not be historically true. Nationalism creates a sense of power and pride in ones country, yet it can create the feeling of fear in our country as well. As stated, "nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people: fears of religion or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals. This fear can be mobilized for violence and scapegoating. It can lead people to feel aggrieved and constantly at risk." As much as people wish that this statement wasn't true, it is completely 100% accurate. Scary, right? One can see this quote come to life in the news today. Remember September 11th, 2001? I bet you do. Terrorist groups from the other side of the world killed hundreds of innocent civilians, creating a sense of terror within our nation. Many people wanted to join the army in order to attack Al-Qaeda for what they had done to our nation. This created fear within society, and sorrow in the poor families who lost loves ones that day. There is a reason why we say "Never Forget" on September 11th every year. Another example of fear within our nation is the racist beliefs towards Muslims within our country today. Many people are afraid of Muslims due to the events happening on the other side of the world. Many people try to get rid of Muslims, and don't treat them the same way as they would treat a fellow white citizen. In the end, nationalism creates a sense of pride, yet fear within our nation. I support and have pride for my country. Yet, I am in fear about terrorist groups such as Isis attacking the United States. How do you feel? I bet you feel the same way as me.
The article “America’s Love Affair with Nationalism” created many feelings, both positive and negative about nationalism. I felt as if the consequences of nationalism were very diverse and could make very different situations. For example, nationalism could bring a sense of hope and selfhood in modern world. It makes people proud of the country they live in and overall change people’s feelings for the better. Whether it’s standing up and saying the pledge every day, or singing “God Bless America” during the seventh inning of a baseball game, these nationalist events give people more positive thoughts. However, nationalism can lead to very negative situations and feelings. For example, people may become afraid of other religions or ethnic groups. These feelings can create violence among these groups and become a very dividing force. Therefore, the results of nationalism are very diverse and could be either positive or negative. These aspects can be associated to other nations, but they are especially to the United States. The United States of America is often referred to as a “melting pot”. This is due to the fact we are a country of immigrants with millions of people coming from different ethical backgrounds. These negative aspects apply to the United States because people from different backgrounds could conflict with each other. This is why our nation anthem, national holidays, and pledge are so vital in keeping us out of conflict. America more than most countries needs these nationalist features to keep us united and in a common interest. Without these aspects of nationalism, there is little keeping us together as a nation and out of conflict with each other.
In the article "America's Love Affair with Nationalism" the main idea that was brought to my attention was how nationalism is brought into our everyday life. Here in America we tend to casually bring nationalistic ideas into the everyday life of an American. The author states "Go to a baseball game where fans often croon "God Bless America" during the seventh-inning stretch" this and another statement "Check out the American flag pins on the lapels or collars of nearly every politician" provide insight on how nationalism is in our everyday life and not many people notice it as out of place. Also nationalism is introduced into the education of the new generations in the United States, we as a country are part of the few who take a daily pledge into consideration and even fewer countries follow through with the idea. Many schools and workplaces around the fifty states do this practice casually and usually with no questions asked because it is the norm here and the population has become so accustomed to it. This is different in many other countries around the globe because unlike the United States they do not push nationalistic ideas to the high priority we do and it shows when nationalistic events like the World Cup or the Olympics come and people can see the pride shown in our country.
In the article "America's Love Affair with Nationalism", the section titled "A Sense of Selfhood" by Lloyd Kramer caught my attention the most. This section speaks about both the positives and negatives of nationalism. On one hand, nationalism "can contribute to a sense of hope about the future" and it helps build "positive personal and collective identities". On the other hand, nationalism can cause people to fear those that are in different groups. An example would be the differences between races or religions could cause fear between different groups. This shows how nationalism can be both positive and negative which seems to be true in reality. Kramer says that nationalism is often at its highest during major sporting events, which is true but as of recent there has been lots of criticism over this topic. Colin Kaepernick's infamous kneel during the national anthem showed that there truly is both positive and negative aspects to nationalism. The National Anthem is played before every football game as a symbol for nationalism in America, but Kaepernick's protest was used to show a negative aspect of nationalism. He did this to shine light about the problem of racism that he felt had to be spoken about. He showed the negative of nationalism, the divisions and differences that separated different groups, in this case by race. This protest caused lots of discussion about the problem brought to the table which seemed to be the reaction he intended to get. This recent example alone shows how what Kramer said is true in todays society. There are both positives and negatives to nationalism. The rising for the national anthem shows the unity and positives of nationalism in todays society. While the divisions and differences between groups of people, in this example race, shows the negatives of nationalism.
In the article, “America’s Love Affair With Nationalism,” the author discusses several positive and negative traits of nationalism. There is no doubt that nationalism is an prominent feature in our society today. It can be seen everywhere -- in the media, news outlets, baseball games, elections, and so forth. Despite the fact this political concept can be beneficial by providing individuals with a sense of pride, identity, unity and community, there are various negatives of nationalism that should be addressed. An example would be that nationalism “... often encourages fears of all kinds of people: fears of other religions or races or cultures or homosexuals”. This fear is commonly known as xenophobia. Xenophobia is present throughout many countries in the world, one being America. Again, America is an immensely diverse nation, made up of millions of individuals with different ethnicities, cultures, and religions. And because of this, nationalism leads to the fear of being associated with these different nations or groups, which may sometimes manifest themselves into violence against racial and sexual minorities. Take Islamophobia as an example. Islamophobic became extremely prominent after the terrorist attacks of September 11th. After September 11th, many individuals who had little knowledge about Islamic faith, began to use Muslims as a scapegoat, blaming them for their troubles, and labeling them as “terrorists”. Muslims isn’t the only minority who received backlash from nationalism. Groups such as Irish Americans, Japanese Americans, and Hispanics are also targeted. To elaborate, there is a lot of xenophobic attitudes towards Hispanics. They are labeled as “lazy”, or “illegal immigrants”. Japanese Americans are also a target of nationalism. After the bombing of the Pearl Harbor, hundreds of thousands of innocent Japanese Americans were stripped from their rights and sent into internment camps.
Is this what America is stands for? A nation who prides themselves as a “melting pot”? A nation who prides themselves for freedom, liberty, and equality? Instead of uniting America, this hatred and fear towards these certain minorities drives us apart.
To sum, nationalism may be beneficial by providing individuals with a sense of pride, unity and community. This aspect is not unique to America, as it is found in a majority of countries throughout the world. However, it is important to address the negative aspects that come along with nationalism.
I found this article to be interesting overall because of the explanation it gives and depth it goes to describe nationalism. It portrays what nationalism is, as well as the causes, effects, and interpretations of what some people may feel constitutes nationalism. For instance, the passage explains, as we have discussed in class, how nationalism benefits a population by allowing them to feel a sense of belonging. I feel that this attitude of being part of a larger community is an important thing. It helps to keep societies together, and maintain the loyalty of the people. However, the statement that says "nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people," is unfortunately an extremely accurate depiction of the America we live in today. Prejudice and discrimination abound, all because people are taking nationalism to the next level. Those who are the slightest bit different, if there is any skepticism out there about them, they are viewed and treated as outcasts. Even taking into account the event of 9/11, Muslims are now automatically seen as a threat, even though many of them have less terrorist intentions than some of America's own people. Why are they viewed this way? Because nationalism has had a dramatic effect on people's outlooks. With all the talk about this year's presidential election and the thought of building a wall to stop immigration and foreigners from entering into this country, yet another example is given of the discrimination facing this country. Americans think Americans are the best, and since many Hispanics are flooding into the country through our southern border, it is seen as an immediate problem simply because they are of a different nationality. Why is there no concern over America's northern border? Does the fact that the Canadians are white, and not Hispanic, have anything to do with it? Likely so. In addition, the article touches on the influence of patriotism and politics. The article says that "Patriotism permeates contemporary American politics." According to this, I undoubtedly believe that patriotism is simply a tactic used by politicians so as to gain the American peoples' support. There are many examples in the article of potential presidential candidates who are quoted as using patriotism to leverage their chances of winning. Sarah Palin more or less said that if you are patriotic you will vote to replace Obama. Therefore, since patriotism is a no-brainer for most Americans, she was easily able to take advantage of the population by adding the simple word of "patriotism" in order to shift the voters to her side. Also, Joe Biden stated "wealthy Americans should pay more taxes because it's time to be patriotic." That's not right! Playing on the guilt of the people, and nationalism, in order to persuade them of their need to pay taxes was a low strategy. Love of country should be based on freedoms and rights, and not taken for granted by politicians so that their people will pay their high taxes. Despite the injustices, nationalism is definitely what keeps America together. The reason why there are no revolts, revolutions, or uprisings, is because people care too much about their country to see it suffer and break down. America is founded on the cooperation of all the 50 states and their collective peoples. I believe the last sentence of the article sums it up. It says "This is not a red state or blue state issue, but truly a red, white, and blue one." As a people, the people of the United States, it is vital that we stay integrated and not let factional differences and disputes divide us. Through pain, death, and suffering, nationalism is the uniting force that must stay present.
After reading America’s Love Affair with Nationalism, I realize there are some positives and negatives in regard to the idea of nationalism. The article states “ nationalism can contribute to a sense of hope about the future. It can build positive personal and collective identities and a sense of selfhood in the modern world.” I think this is a very significant point because by giving individuals confidence and hope, the people of a nation unite. For example, by standing up and reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, we show our loyalty and support for nationalism. Nationalism is also flaunted remarkably during certain holidays like Independence Day, major sporting events, and respecting the fallen at memorials. I think this is so important because (for example) even though two teams are from two states or regions, we all rise and remove our caps to respect our united country.
With this, there are also some negative effects of nationalism. As stated, “Nationalism often encourages fears of all kinds of other people: other religions or races or cultures or ethnic groups or homosexuals.” The most obvious example in America of this is the aftermath of the terrorist acts on September 11th, 2001. This was a horrible act of hatred against America by the Muslim extremist group Al Qaeda. After 9/11 there was a certain prejudice towards all Muslims. Many Americans saw all Muslims as dangerous and considered them terrorists. I think this is absolutely ridiculous. I could understand this mentality directly after the attacks because people would normally still be fearful. But the fact that 15 years later (although it has decreased significantly) there is still a preconception over Muslims. This is just one of the horrible effects of nationalism.
The article "America's Love Affair With Nationalism" made many interesting points about nationalism and how it affects society. The part that intrigued me the most is how on one end of the spectrum, nationalism can be used for positivity and togetherness, while on the other end, nationalism can be used as a destructive agent of hate. This point can be seen through Lloyd Kramer's quote, "nationalism can contribute to human progress and freedom and education and economic vitality, or it can contribute to violence, fear and international conflict." Nationalism can be a very positive aspect of a society; at its core the pride and devotion to ones country is a great thing. This is shown through something like the Olympics or national holidays. However, as it's emphasized in the quote, even though there are many great aspects of nationalism, there are some paramount byproducts of nationalism which include violence, fear and international conflict. For example, after 1992, Yugoslavia was split up into 6 republics after political upheavals and conflicts. During this time, Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic used nationalism as a scapegoat to rationalize war crimes and campaigns against other areas. This is where nationalism becomes very dangerous. Sometimes leaders who are very appealing are able to manipulate their population's nationalist instincts. We see this thought being played out today with modern day American politics. Far too often, politicians are able to use catchy slogans and extreme rhetoric to further their xenophobic and often violent agendas. In contrast, there is something to be said for when nationalism is used in a fight for positive and fruitful goals. An example of this is when nationalism fueled support for troops and resource creation in countries like Britain and America during WWII. Nationalism is an extremely powerful tool. In most parts of the world, it has the ability bring people together peacefully under a unique set of commonalities. However, when cunning leaders use nationalism to capitalize on fear, the results can be devastating.
I believe that nationalism has positive and negative aspects. Nationalism is used positively to console Americans from tragic events such as the September 11th, 2001 attacks. Examples of nationalism subsequently to the attack is police officers laid american flags on the coffins of the victims. This is a way for Americans to show their respect and sympathy. The author also said things like, "Go to a baseball game where fans often croon "God Bless America" during the seventh-inning stretch," would be said following to the September 11th attacks. This shows sympathy, consolation, and patriotism towards the victims. An example of a negative aspect of nationalism is using it as a political tool in my opinion. Politicians use nationalism to their advantage to sway voters in their direction whether they may believe in it or not. An example of this is, "After watching that ad, CNN's Carol Costello asked: "Should patriotism be a political tool?" She then pointed out that "patriotism has worked for Democrats, too, during the 2008 campaign. Vice presidential candidate Joe Biden said wealthy Americans should pay more taxes because it's time to be patriotic," said by the author of this article. A politician could be lying to the people of this country, "What they would do to make America great," but are they true to what they are saying? Will they put words into action? Many don't and I see that as a negative aspect of nationalism. I enjoyed reading this educational and insightful reading of "America's Love Affair With Nationalism."
This article, "America's Love Affair With Nationalism", reminded me of how prevalent nationalism really is in the daily life of American people. Perhaps doing nationalistic actions such as honoring the pledge and putting my hand over my heart has become second nature. I think that for some people, habits such as the pledge have lost their nationalistic meaning, and they only do it out of habit. In reality, they are not particularly proud of their country, but rather are apathetic. Others might boycott such traditions not because they lack nationalist sentiment for America, but because they are concerned for its identity. This doesn't mean that they are not nationalistic. Fortunately, in America we can afford to have such disagreements through our right to speech. Another thing I thought about was the increase in nationalism after the events of 9/11. Should people always have the same level of fervent support for their country regardless of a tragedy or not? In my opinion, it isn't really possible. After tragedies, people who share the tragedy often bond together. This is usually to mourn and seek solutions to prevent further tragedies. In the case of 9/11, there was a direct attack on the American people that affected countless American lives. America itself was attacked. As a result, people across the country bonded together with their American identity and tragedy (9/11) in common, causing a surge in nationalism. Another point in the article is the picture of the 100% American tattoo. Some people have correctly stated that it is biologically impossible to be 100% of any nationality/ethnicity (same thing here for sake of argument). However, I believe that it isn't meant to be viewed in such a literal fashion. Rather, the tattoo is a prime example of how people can really take nationalist sentiment to heart. The man is so proud of his American heritage that he considers himself to be "100% American". Is there necessarily anything wrong with that? In my opinion, no, as long as he doesn't let his pride of his country blur his ability to think objectively about said country. So, being proud of your country and identifying with it is fine, as long as you do not blindly follow it. An especially relevant part of the article addressed the use of nationalism in politics. I can easily relate this to presidential candidate Donald Trump, who has the motto of "Make America Great Again!" This slogan is bursting with nationalist sentiment. It's saying that our country has declined and we, the people of the nation, should help bring it back to greatness by voting for him. It poses a question to patriots, saying "If you are proud of your country, then you should vote for me and bring it back to greatness." Nationalism can also be used to insult opponents, such as Sarah Palin's criticism of Obama or the democratic Texas representative's criticism of the Tea Party. This brings me to yet another point. What is the difference between patriotism and nationalism? By pure definitions, they could be regarded as the same thing. However, as stated in the article, patriotism is seen as positive and nationalism is seen as negative usually. (Positive patriotism, negative nationalism - perhaps alliteration is to blame!). I myself am not quite sure why they are associated as such. When I think of patriots, I think of America and its positive ideals and actions, while nationalism seems to con notate a blind following of the nation. To close, I will discuss the positive and negative aspects of nationalism in America, particularly after 9/11. The positive aspects of nationalism are that it brings people together under a common culture and identity. It gives people a sense of belonging, and humans love to feel like they are part of a larger cause. Some negatives are that people will adopt ignorant attitudes, such as Islamophobia, for the interests of their nation, causing much persecution and scapegoating of Muslims in the name of "security". Also, people can be blinded by their pride and blindly follow their country no matter what it does, which can be incredibly dangerous.
In the article, Linton Weeks quotes Lloyd Kramer, “nationalism can contribute to human progress and freedom and education and economic vitality, or it can contribute to violence, fear and international conflict.” He presents Kramer’s observations that nationalism can promote human progress, education and hope for the future or it can lead to fear and suspicion between groups defined by the religions, races, colors, cultures or sexual orientations, and at worst, violent conflict. The German nationalism that fueled World War II is a good example of how nationalism can go bad while the surge in education, economy and even civil rights in the US after World War II is probably a good example of the positive and productive side of nationalism. But every day that goes by both the good and bad aspects of nationalism can be observe around the world. But what’s really interesting is how nationalism is used as a tool in politics. Weeks cites recent examples of statements made by President Obama and his Vice President, Joe Biden, to support this idea. Biden said that "wealthy Americans should pay more taxes because it’s time to be patriotic." In this statement, Biden uses nationalism (aka patriotism) as leverage to encourage Americans to pay their taxes so that the American economy will benefit. He states that it is "time to be patriotic." This call to patriotism seems to reflect the drama of the American revolution when the victorious patriots fought and died together for independence. This saying urges American citizens to want to prove their loyalty and dedication to America, and in this way Biden uses nationalism as a political tool to promote his tax policies and benefit his cause. In the case of President Obama, he uses the tactic in the national narrative in his inaugural address to get the American people emotionally involved in the good of the country. President Obama has invoked “the legacy of past generations” in other speeches too. It is very common for politicians to use the concept of nationalism to inspire their audiences and win over their support. Currently, heading into the 2016 presidential election, this tactic is very common. The republican nominee, Donald Trump, uses the campaign slogan, "Make America Great Again" and people are inspired by it. This patriotic call to be great again makes people feel optimistic and important, and as if they will all be individually involved in the success of the United States of America. This is how Trump uses nationalistic feelings to help attract supporters. The democratic nominee, Hillary Clinton, appeals to voters’ nationalistic feelings too. Her slogan “stronger together” inspires the nationalistic sense of the larger community with a common purpose. With the same purpose, Clinton also uses the slogan “love trumps hate” to promote the perception that Trump’s nationalism is the worst kind. Nationalism is a powerful tool that politicians exploit to gain advantage and win votes and support. The tactic makes voters feel safe and optimistic and makes them believe that the politician cares about them individually, and for the well-being of the country as a whole. In turn, the people then show that they care by voting.